How Is Endometriosis and Pregnancy Related And What You Should Know?


Endometriosis and pregnancy sometimes goes hand in hand. Endometriosis is a condition where tissues spread up from the uterus to the fallopian tubes. It is a series of abnormal growth which can affect other organs of the abdomen like the intestines, the cervix, the vagina, ovaries. This condition is serious because it can lead to miscarriage and make conceiving difficult.

Usually, the growths are removed by surgery before a woman is thinking of trying to get pregnant. They are thought to be affected by varying hormonal states, and indeed seem to worsen when a woman is on her menstrual period. Treatments can take the form of hormonal therapy or surgery.

What You Need to Know About Endometriosis and Pregnancy?

endometriosis and pregnanyEndometriosis is thought to make it more difficult to get pregnant. Some experts recommend women start trying early if they have this condition since it will increase their odds. Women in their 20′s overall have an easier time of getting pregnant than older women, so the chances are better in general and if a woman has endometriosis. When a woman is pregnant with this condition, some researchers have pointed out that she has a higher chance of giving birth pre-term. This could partly be because women with the condition often resort to assisted reproduction technology (which includes such techniques as in vitro fertilization) which increases risk factors in and of itself. Women who have endometriosis should receive special care to ensure their pregnancies go smoothly.

Endometriosis and Infertility

A higher percentage of infertile women have endometriosis than fertile women, so there appears to be a link between the condition and infertility. This is because the endometrial growths on the fallopian tubes can cause them to function abnormally. The ovaries may also not function normally. Finally, it is thought that the endometrial growths can release toxic substances which can in turn affect the quality of the eggs. Passage for the egg if it becomes fertilized may also be blocked by the growths which can fuse organs together.

Endometriosis and Miscarriage

Women who have endometriosis have more difficulty conceiving, and many of them go on to miscarry when they finally do. This figure has been estimated to be up to 50% of women with the condition who miscarry. This is thought to be because blood and tissue from the endometrial growths leak harmful substances. The body reacts immunologically and builds up tissue around the growths and the leakage.

This can cause areas to become fused and compacted with the growth tissue and the tissue that was produced due to the immune reaction. The fallopian tubes and the ovaries could become fused together causing abnormal functioning of the reproductive system. Ectopic pregnancies can occur, and miscarriages as a result of this.

Another reason for miscarriage when a woman has abnormal endometrial growths is due to secretions. Normally, the endometrial tissue is confined to the lining of the uterus where the secretions support the pregnancy. However, if they leak outside of the uterus because of endometriosis, then this can interfere with the pregnancy resulting in it being terminated.

Endometriosis Early Pregnancy

endometriosis and pregnanyMany women who have endometriosis experience relief from the pain accompanied with the condition when they are pregnant. This is thought to be due to the hormone progesterone. There are other women, though, who have heightened symptoms of endometriosis when they are pregnant because scars and cysts associated with the condition become stretched and strained, resulting in pain. So, some women who have this condition experience the same symptoms most pregnant women feel (sore breasts, nausea, increased urination) but accompanied by pain, while others experience a relief from that pain.

Pregnant with Endometriosis

Women who are pregnant and also have endometriosis might have more difficulty conceiving, and have a higher risk of miscarrying. Despite this, many have a healthy pregnancy, though the risk for giving birth pre-term is also slightly higher. What all of this means, simply, is that women who have the condition should be sure to seek good medical care while they are trying to get pregnant and while they are pregnant, and to lead a healthy lifestyle while eating a diet high in (organic if possible) fruits and vegetables.

Endometriosis Symptoms

The most common symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain. Some say this pain feels similar to menstrual pain. Some other symptoms are pain during intercourse, or pain when urinating or having a bowel movement. Infertility may also be a symptom, and nausea and diarrhea. This is thought to be due to hormones and secretions of the growths, and their interfering with the balance of the organs of the abdomen.

Endometriosis During Pregnancy

Because ovulation stops during pregnancy, the spread of endometriosis can be stopped. Also, the pregnancy hormones are thought to ease the symptoms of this condition so that pain associated with the disease can in fact disappear during this time. Many women report feeling relief while they are pregnant, so it can be a kind of break from the difficulties associated with the condition in normal circumstances. Other women report feeling more pain, because if theirs is an extreme variety, scars and growths can be stretched and strained in result in discomfort. Women who find out they are pregnant with this condition first have to check that their pregnancy is within the uterus, and not ectopic (meaning outside of the uterus). The heightened risks associated with the condition can make pregnancy more stressful from the woman suffering from this disease. She is higher at risk for miscarrying and giving birth before the pregnancy is full-term.

Endometriosis Treatment

A typical treatment for endometriosis are birth control pills. This however, must of course be stopped if a woman wishes to conceive and sustain a pregnancy. Surgery is also too risky when a woman is with child. Certain other hormone treatments also pose risks. However, a healthy diet rich in a variety of fruits and vegetables can help to improve overall health which can improve the state of this condition as well. Other treatments might include pain mitigation, which could include taking some approved pain reliever. Typically, treatments for this condition should be administered BEFORE a woman is pregnant to reduce the severity of the growths in the abdomen. This can also improve fertility and make the pregnancy experience easier.

In general, endometriosis can be a hindrance to getting pregnant and staying pregnant. It is often a painful disease which can have dramatic consequences. But it doesn’t always. Sometimes it only makes getting pregnant marginally more difficult, and many women go on to have very healthy babies who are born full-term. The risks of miscarriage and pre-term labor are higher than in the rest of the population of women, but it does not always take place among sufferers of this condition. If a woman has this disease, she should be sure to monitor her pregnancy closely and carefully to be sure it is not ectopic or at risk for miscarriage or pre-term birth.  A healthy diet is always a good way to optimize health and give a pregnancy its best chance, and to optimize the health of the unborn child and aid in the production of healthy, nutritious breast milk for the baby when he or she is born.

Category: Health Issues

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